In the carpet industry, hand-knotted and hand-woven rugs are used interchangeably by most people to mean rugs made by hand. But very few homeowners know they don’t necessarily refer to the same thing. The term “hand-woven” generally refers to all rugs made by hand using different weaving techniques. Handwoven rugs are made on special looms that are operated manually. Depending on the handwoven technique used, the weaver may create a ‘hand-knotted rug’, a flat weave rug, hand-tufted, and so forth, (although hand-tufted rugs are not considered true hand made rugs because a special punching tool is used during its production). While hand-knotted or oriental rugs are knotted by hand, tufted carpet is made with their pile injected into a backing material, & flat-woven rugs are made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric.
Of all hand-woven rugs, hand-knotted rugs are the most expensive traditionally hand made rugs can take several months to a year to finish; which makes them more expensive and of a higher quality than machine-made rugs. They are more expensive than other hand-woven rugs while the term “hand-knotted” is used to identify a type of handwoven technique carried out manually on a loom by which a weaver creates knotted fibers. Hand-knotted or Oriental carpets can be pile woven or flat woven without pile. The method of care and attention to detail employed in the production of hand-knotted rugs determine their quality, appearance, texture, and complexity. So much so that they are considered a work of art. A knot is created using the following steps.
- The yarn is passed through one vertical warp on the left side.
- It is then brought back to the front on the right side of the warp.
- After this, it is taken through the right side of the next warp on the left.
- Finally, it is brought back to the front on the left side.
Every knot is tied manually by hand around a firm woven foundation. Hand-knotted rugs or Oriental carpet contains millions of knots that are cut to give it a distinct low profile pile. The knot count is one common specification that shoppers rely on when in the market for Oriental rugs, but that alone cannot determine a rug’s quality. The number of knots per square inch is affected by the foundation material, fiber gauge, and knotting techniques.
A key difference between other handwoven rugs and oriental rugs is that unlike other handwoven rugs no machine can successfully replicate the beauty or quality of hand-knotted rugs due to its level of detail and intricate design.
A major percentage of knotted carpets in the market is geographically made in Morocco across North Africa, the Middle East, and into Central Asia and northern India. These rugs are traditionally made from wool, cotton, etc.