Differences Between Hand Woven Rug vs Hand knotted Rugs

Difference Between Hand Woven Rug vs Hand knotted Rugs

In the carpet industry hand knotted and hand woven rugs are used interchangeably by most people to mean rugs made by hand. But very few homeowners know they don’t necessarily refer to the same thing.
The term “hand woven” generally refer to all rugs made by hand using different weaving techniques. Hand woven rugs are made on special looms that are operated manually.


Depending on the hand woven technique used, the weaver may create a ‘hand knotted rug’, a flat weave rug, hand-tufted and so forth, (although hand tufted rugs are not considered true hand made rugs because a special punching tool is used during it’s production).
While hand-knotted or oriental rugs are knotted by hand, tufted carpet are made with their pile injected into a backing material, & flat woven rugs are made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric.


Flat weave rug
Of all hand woven rugs, hand knotted rugs is the most expensive
Traditionally hand made rugs can take several months to a year to finish; which makes them more expensive and of a higher quality than machine made rugs. They are more expensive than other hand woven rugs
While the term “hand knotted” is  used to identify a type of hand woven technique carried out manually on a loom by which a weaver creates knotted fibers. Hand knotted or  Oriental carpets can be pile woven or flat woven without pile.


The method of care and attention to detail employed in the the production of  hand-knotted rugs determine their quality, appearance, texture and complexity. So much so that they are considered a work of art.
A knot is created using the following steps.
  • The yarn is passed through one vertical warp on the left side.
  • It is then brought back to the front on the right side of the warp.
  • After this it is taken through the right side of the next warp on the left.
  • Finally, it is brought back to the front on the left side.
 Every knot is tied manually by hand around a firm woven foundation. Hand knotted rugs or Oriental carpet contains millions of knots that are cut to give it a distinct low profile pile.
The knot count is one common specification that shoppers rely on when in the market for Oriental rugs, but that alone cannot determine a rug’s quality.
The number of knots per square inch is affected by the foundation material, fiber gauge and knotting techniques.


Rug on a loom
A key difference between other handwoven rugs and oriental rug is that unlike other handwoven rugs no machine can successfully replicate the beauty or quality of hand knotted rugs due to it’s level of detail and intricate design.
A major percentage of knotted carpets in the market are geographically made in Morocco across North Africa, the Middle East, and into Central Asia and northern India.These rugs are traditionally made from wool, cotton etc.

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